The transliteration itself is uniform, meaning that certain English letters correspond This transliteration is designed to be used on most Shabbat mornings. Before this transition, we created these transliterations to assist those who do not read Ahava Raba · Amidah · Baruch She-Amar · Blessing after the halftorah. The Amidah is the core of every Jewish worship service, and is therefore also referred to as HaTefillah, or “The prayer.” Amidah, which literally means, “ standing.

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The reason for this is that the blessing for peace is based on the themes of the Priestly Blessing that was said in the time of the Temple and this Priestly Blessing was not said in the afternoons or evenings. On Hanukah and Purimone adds a paragraph called al hanisim thanking God for miracles and summarizing the story of the holiday into the eighteenth blessing.

By listening and answering “Amen” at the end of each blessing, these worshipers fulfilled their obligation of prayer.

On Shabbat and holidays, an extra Amidah is added to the service, called tefilat musaf additional prayer. The word Amidah literally means standing, because it is recited while standing. Anyone sitting behind the kohanim should come forward to be included in the blessing. The Shabbat afternoon service stresses the unity of God and the singularity of the Jewish people.

This symbolizes that the heart is the source of the temptation to sin.

On the minor holidays on which work is not restricted, the weekday Amidah is still said. Parts of this middle blessing, the paragraph that begins, ” elohenu velohei avotenu retze bmnuchatenu ” Our God and God of our Father, be pleased with our restand the part that contains requests to “sanctify us through Thy commandments,” remain the same on every Shabbat transliteratoin festival.

Prayer for the Israel Defense Forces. This has the same basic structure as the other Shabbat Amidahs but stresses the sacrificial offerings of the Temple in the middle blessing. Even if one happens to be present, and not praying, while the Kedushah is recited, one must stop what he is doing and join in.

The traditional liturgy has been revised repeatedly by the Reform movement, in order to shorten the service and omit passages not in line with Reform doctrine.

One should stand erect in time to say Rtansliteration name, ” Adonai. The blessing for justice hashiva shofteinuis also rewritten to express the hope for universal justice instead of the restoration of Israel’s judges.


The additional blessing against heretics was initially meant to combat the threats posed by amldah Samaritan and Sadducee sects, and was permanently added to the liturgy when Jewish converts to Christianity began to inform on Jews to the Roman authorities. Another addition is in maariv on Saturday night. There are significant differences between the traditional Amidah and that said in Reform trznsliteration.

It is also known as Shemoneh Esreimeaning eighteen, because it originally consisted of eighteen blessings, and as tefilah prayer because it is the most important Jewish prayer. Instead of beseeching God to rebuild Jerusalem and reestablish the Davidic monarchy, the Reform version is a prayer for the transliteratoon and continuing welfare of the land and people of Israel. On mincha trasnliteration fast days, the congregation adds the prayer aneinu answer us as part of the sixteenth blessing, begging God to answer us in our time of trouble.

To humble amidwh before God, one bends the knees and bows at both the beginning and the end of the first blessing while saying ” Barukh atah ” Blessed are you. There is a logical basis for the order and content of the blessings. One should not look at transllteration kohanim to allow better concentration on trandliteration words, and to prevent distraction both for oneself and for the kohanim.

In the fifth blessing refaenuthe traditional “who heals the sick of His people Israel” is changed to “Healer of the sick” to be more inclusive. The model for this structure is how one transliteation approach a powerful ruler or how a servant would approach a master.

There are a few changes to the Amidah based on the time of year. With regard to the last three blessings, in the one on Temple worship, the traditional references to sacrificial worship are omitted; instead, a thought on the theme of God’s nearness to all who seek God with sincerity is used. The next blessing, for ingathering of the exiles teka b’shofaris rewritten. In all versions of the Amidahthe first and last three blessings stay the same.

Blessing over Bread Ha’Motzi. The Friday night service stresses God’s sanctification as it relates to the creation of the world.

The content of the last blessing is unchanged, although the translation is more freely done. It is amended to affirm God as the source of all life who transliteratiln implanted within us eternal life. The final supplication asks God to hear our prayers. Personal requests may be made during any of the blessings, but in the sixteenth blessing specifically, which asks God to hear our prayers, it is appropriate to insert one’s own requests. The obligation to pray three times a day, which was established by Ezra and codified in the Talmud Berakhot 26bis fulfilled by reciting the Amidah.


It also alludes to the connection between Zion and the messianic hope. In the Ashkenazi tradition, a shorter version of this blessing, starting with the words ” shalom rav tramsliteration is said amidau mincha and maariv.

This chanting of the kohanim is called duchaningcoming from the Hebrew word duchanmeaning platform.

Jewish prayers for Conservative services Translation and transliteration by Pam Coyle

Some changes are made between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. This Amidah, the longest of the year, has a middle section that contains three long blessings. Since Tisha b’Av commemorates the destruction of the Temples, this is a prayer for consolation on the destruction of Jerusalem. Only a grave emergency justifies interrupting the Amidahsince it is considered a conversation with God. One should stand with one’s feet together while reciting the Amidah as a show of respect for God.

The blessings of petition ask for six personal needs: While saying that line, it is customary to bow three times: The main reason for this is that the Talmud says it is forbidden to ask for one’s personal needs on Shabbat.

These additional prayers can be said in any language for any need. In the ninth blessing, for economic prosperity, one adds the words ” vten tal umatar livracha ” give dew and rain for blessing in the winter, between the night of December fourth and Passover, instead of simply ” vten bracha ” give blessing.

Prayer of a Physician. Before one begins the Amidahit is customary to take three small steps forward as if one is approaching a king. Where there is not much space, it has become the practice to take several tiny steps back before taking the three symbolic steps forward.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

One bows again during the eighteenth blessing, for thanksgiving, both at the beginning, during the words ” Modim anahnu lakh ” We thank you and at the end with the words ” Baruch atah. During the summer, the SephardimHasidimand Ashkenazim who live in Israel substitute a mention of dew ” morid hatal ” instead of rain. The Shabbat morning service speaks of God’s command to Israel to keep the Shabbat as set forth in the Ten Commandments.

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